Your dog contracting a contagious virus can be a scary time. Canine Parvovirus is a contagious viral disease, with the spread only being prevented by quarantine.
The first thing going through your head is to provide them with supportive care that can help them recover – without the chance of secondary infections, such as bacterial infections in the gut.
Unfortunately, Canine Parvovirus is an infectious disease, and prioritizing the spread to other dogs is extremely important.
This disease can become fatal in unvaccinated puppies. After 6 weeks of age, puppies begin to lose their maternal antibodies. There will be a period of time, between parvovirus vaccinations, that puppies are without adequate protection.
It is vital you remove the infected animals from the litter and provide them with the right treatment. This will ultimately increase the survival rate and help them grow into happy and healthy adult dogs.
But how long should your puppy be separated from its family? How long should your canine spend in quarantine without being allowed to socialize with other dogs?
In this comprehensive guide, we are going to prepare you for everything you need to know about isolating your dogs with the Parvovirus. We will explain everything – from how long should a dog with parvo be isolated, to the tips you need to help them quarantine comfortably.
Let’s get into it.
When Should I Quarantine my Dog with Parvo?
Putting it bluntly, as soon as you notice symptoms of Canine Parvovirus, you need to isolate your dog from any other pet.
Unfortunately, a Parvo infection is likely to have started before any symptoms have shown, so make sure to keep up to date with all of your pet’s booster vaccinations, in order to keep their immune systems strong.
After 7-10 days, you will notice the symptoms of Parvo begin to arise. When this occurs, you need to clean up any infected environment and set up a room for your infected dog to begin its recovery.
Then, you must seek veterinary care for confirmation. A professional will begin with a physical examination of your pet. This is followed by taking a fecal sample or blood sample of the infected puppies, to determine if they inhibit the viral infection.
Direct treatment will follow, and then it will be up to you to keep your dog from spreading the deadly disease to unsuspecting pups.
What are the First Clinical Signs of Parvo?
The first symptom that will be evident in your pet is through their fecal matter.
A dog with a Canine Parvovirus infection will produce bloody diarrhea, which is extremely unhealthy, and hints at some sort of problem. At this point, you should place your dog straight into quarantine.
This type of disease is damaging to your pet’s digestive system. The cure for parvo often includes a gastrointestinal tract, which helps prevent severe diarrhea and support your canine on the road to recovery.
Other clinical signs demonstrated by parvo patients are vomiting, fever, a drastic change in body temperature, and weight loss. Your vet may also check for depletion in their white blood cell count.
This is common in the latter stages of parvo, and may sometimes require more aggressive treatment, such as blood transfusions.
Why Should I Isolate my Dog if it Contracts Parvo?
As stated previously, Parvovirus aims to attack the digestive system, causing gastrointestinal symptoms like dehydration or diarrhea.
With that in mind, the latter of the two symptoms is one of the most common reasons for the widespread outbreak of this scary virus.
Although you may think that your pets have protective immunity to Parvo due to vaccination, your dog could still become Parvo positive through indirect contact with the feces of the infected pet.
Along with this indirect method of contracting the disease, direct contact with other animals is a sure-fire way to allow the disease to spread through your pets, and sometimes even through other households.
Failing to control the outbreak within your home could cause an epidemic within your town or even your country. This certain CPV strain could have a particularly high mortality rate, and leave a lot of canines susceptible to this deadly virus. Especially unvaccinated adult dogs or young puppies.
How Long Should a Dog with Parvo be Isolated?
No one likes to lock their pet away for a prolonged period of time, and keep them away from any social aspects of their life, so when can we bring them back into the world?
This question is not set in stone and can vary based on your dog’s immune response to the virus, and how quickly it manages to fight off the disease.
Your best bet, and the safest way to prevent the spread of CPV strains, is to keep your dog isolated for up to 2 weeks after recovery. This means you record the day they stop showing symptoms and allow a couple of weeks for the virus to flush out of their system completely.
You should also follow the recommendations from your vet. They will advise you on a specific period to quarantine your pet. In this modern day and age, your vet can test for Parvo, meaning they can determine whether your furry friend is still carrying the disease or not.
Certain breeds of dogs are more susceptible to contracting Parvo, considering their immune systems find it more difficult to fight the disease. The MSD Vet Manual names breeds such as Springer Spaniels and German Shepherds on their “at risk” list.
Tips for Helping you Isolate Your Furry Friend Correctly
#1 – Prepare the Room for Quarantine
The most important step in keeping the disease controlled is by preparing an area that not only provides complete protection but is also comfortable for your dog to recover from the symptoms.
I would recommend starting by finding an isolated area of your house, that allows for the dog to not only rest but also walk about. The most important thing is to have somewhere your dog can do its “business,” away from anywhere your other pets can contact it.
Try to keep the room ventilated, but not via any doorways that lead to the rest of the house. This could cause the virus to spread.
Any sheets or bedding you provide to the dog must be cleaned separately every time they are changed.
Please remember – safety first!
#2 – Give Fresh Food and Water Consistently
Water bowls are an important part of helping your dog recover.
This disease is likely to dehydrate your dog. The body is trying to clean your dog’s bloodstream through the kidneys, so dogs will urinate more often.
Providing them with fresh water often will allow them to stay hydrated and fight off the disease.
Dogs also require plenty of food so they can keep their energy levels high as they recover from the symptoms.
#3 – Keep the Room Clean
Sadly, your furry friend is going to be struggling a lot with their bowels, and this can result in a lot of messes you may have to clean up.
It is important for you to clean this immediately – not only to keep their area virus free, but to make it comfortable enough for them to recover.
If your dog shares an area with another dog that they go to the bathroom in, try to segregate it off. If that is not possible, make sure all of the feces is cleaned and washed down thoroughly after the infected dog uses it.
#4 – Visit Your Dog Regularly
It is likely that your pet is going to be struggling with the lack of social life it has during quarantine. It is not allowed to be around other dogs or go on walks to socialize.
Luckily, humans cannot contract Parvo. This means you can spend as much time as you like with them. Give them all the fuss and attention you like in order to keep their quarantine stress-free.
Make sure every time you touch your pet, you clean and change clothes. Even if you can’t contract the disease, you can still pass it to your other dogs.
After reading this guide, you can probably gather how important it is to quarantine your dog if they contract Parvo, if only to prevent a major outbreak.
While it may be hard on you and your pet, it is best to keep them in isolation for as long as is deemed necessary by you and a medical professional. This could be up to 4-5 weeks, depending on how long their symptoms last.
The best plan is to keep your dog isolated for 2 weeks after they clinically recover.
You should place your furry friend into quarantine as soon as you believe they have contracted Parvo and seek medical help. Hopefully this guide helped answer the question – how long should a dog with parvo be isolated for?